Aetherwellen-Musik.de

Home-brewed Theremins ... and other strange devices

        

Rockmorizer Type Theremins

The presented ‘Rockmorizer’ type theremins are based on the original design of Leon Theremin, producing the sound spectrum which is assumed to be close to the instrument of Clara Rockmore. All circuits generate a single-sine audio signal which is formed to rectangular like pulses with appropriate pulse-width to match the desired spectrum. 

The RT-6SH2P / 6ж2п Tube Theremin

The RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin applies Russian 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) dual-control tubes. These 7-pin tubes draw little filament-power (175mA @ 6.3V) are small, cheap and readily available. Due to their characteristics, they can be used in circuits at low supply voltages.

RT-6SH2P Theremin Test Board

The RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin is oriented at the original design of Leon Theremin, applied at e.g. the Rockmore / Rosen theremin instruments (refer to Rockmore/Rosen theremin explanations). It is realized for circuit testing at a modified Kosmos test-board which can hold up to five 7-pin miniature tubes; only four are used in the  RT-6SH2P circuit. This theremin was designed to test the application of 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tubes for generating the Rockmore sound (limited single-sine pulse sound spectrum). The sound of the 03-2020 version is presented at the accompanying test video.

The objective sound spectrum consists of the lower-, mid- and high-pitch segment. The most noticeable (and simple to describe) partial spectrum is the mid-pitch segment. The spectral lines around the frequency of 220Hz are typical arranged in groups as follows:

a) fundamental (220Hz), 2nd, 3rd harmonics almost of equal amplitude

b) 4th harmonic nearly completely suppressed (volume dependent)

c) 5th, 6th, 7th harmonics almost equal of amplitude but lower than at a)

d) 8th harmonic nearly completely suppressed (volume dependent)

e) the spectral line sequence (3 lines -1 suppressed -3 lines) repeats with declining amplitudes

It must be mentioned, that the audio pulse-width and thus the sound spectrum is volume dependent. With rising volume (especially at very large volume) the suppression of the 4th, 8th and additional harmonics is reduced. This leads to an extended volume impression. This is comparable to the differentiation of whispering and shouting. Even if a whispering sound is amplified and reproduced with much higher volume, it can be still be recognized as a whisper.

The sound spectrum of the RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin is shown below. It is quite similar to the timbre of the instrument of C. Rockmore (spectrum taken from the audio of the video ‘Clara Rockmore: The Greatest Theremin Virtuosa by R. Moog 1976), located on the right for comparison (refer to ‘General Functionality of the Rockmore- and Rosen Instruments according to Leon Theremin’s Design’).

RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Sound-Spectrum 85Hz
Rockmore Theremin Sound-Spectrum 118Hz

RT-6SH2P Theremin
Sound-Spectrum 85Hz

Rockmore Theremin
Sound-Spectrum 118Hz

RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Sound-Spectrum 158Hz
Rockmore Theremin Sound-Spectrum 124Hz

RT-6SH2P Theremin
Sound-Spectrum 158Hz

Rockmore Theremin
Sound-Spectrum 124Hz

RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Sound-Spectrum 222Hz
Rockmore Theremin Sound-Spectrum 251Hz

RT-6SH2P Theremin
Sound-Spectru
m 222Hz

Rockmore Theremin
Sound-Spectrum 251Hz

The circuit of the RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin as presented in the schematic is discussed below. It represents the 06-2020 version. More detailed descriptions of the electronic principles used by Leon Theremin in his designs can be found in the Rockmore/Rosen theremin explanations.

Measurements have been performed at the circuit of the Tube Theremin which can be found at the Messungen/Measurements page.

RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Schematic
RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Schematic
RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Schematic Download
RT-6SH2P_SCH_0v1_Tube-Theremin_Schematic.pdf (91.51KB)
RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Schematic
RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin Schematic Download
RT-6SH2P_SCH_0v1_Tube-Theremin_Schematic.pdf (91.51KB)

The fixed- (V4) and variable (V3) pitch radio frequency (RF) oscillators work in Hartley type configuration, utilizing the 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tubes in triode configuration. They generate sine-signals of approx. 156kHz (a frequency where only low distortion by RF stations occur at the author’s location) slightly differing from each other; one frequency controlled by the variable impedance formed by the pitch-antenna in conjunction with its extension coil, one fixed. Both apply virtually center tapped parallel resonance circuits which can be frequency-adjusted via variable capacitors and inductors.

The critical antenna-extension coil was wound on a 3D printed multi-section former with adjustable ferrite-core, already designed in 2017. It provides very low distributed capacity and therefore sufficiently high self-resonance frequency (SRF). The rod-antenna is mounted on top of the extension coil to reduce additional lumped capacities from the ‘roof’ connection of the coil to ground.

The phase-detector applies another 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tube V2. The oscillator signals are connected to the control- and suppressor grid via trim-pots (for audio-pulse and pitch linearity adjustment) while the screen grid is supplied by an adjustable voltage affecting the single-sine audio amplitude at the audio-interstage transformer T1 which is connected to the anode (plate) of the tube V2.

The secondary winding of the transformer T1 is connected via trim-pot R10 for pulse width-adjustment of the limited single-sine signal to the voltage controlled AF limiter-amplifier tube V1. The value of capacitor C7, which is connected in parallel to the secondary winding, is selected in conjunction with trim-pot R9 (damping of T1 adjustment) to produce the appropriate audio-waveform while forming a parallel resonance circuit with (mainly) the secondary inductance of T1. The limiter-amplifier 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6) tube’s control grid is grounded because the mutual conductance is too high for correct limiting action. The single-sine pulse is supplied via R10 to the suppressor grid instead. By trim-pot R8, the screen grid voltage of the tube can be adjusted to produce a asymmetrically limited audio pulse at the AF output. The output signal supplied to jack J1 is additionally low-pass filtered and can be adjusted by potentiometer R1 (Main Volume). In the test setting, the M35-AMP amplifier, as described below, was used to drive a speaker.

To simplify the circuit, the RF oscillator, detector and antenna for volume control have been omitted. The volume control voltage is directly derived from the potentiometer RV1. At the test-broad, RV1 is mounted below the multi-point contacts which connect the components. It is controlled by the player via Bowden thread. As can be seen from the schematic, the lower pin of RV1 is connected to trim-pot R4, which allows to adjust the negative cut of voltage. The volume control voltage, supplied from RV1 to the anode (plate) of the voltage controlled limiter amplifier tube V1, can therefore range from approx. the negative cut-off voltage to the supply voltage of +40V. The negative voltage is derived from the fixed pitch oscillator’s self-regulation voltage, residual detected audio is reduced by the large capacitor C4.

The volume ‘punch’ when playing staccato, which is inherent to the original circuits applying volume antenna-extension coil and detector resonator, is not available at the presented circuit. It may be  emulated by introducing a appropriately ringing (low-pass) filter, producing over- and undershoot at the volume control voltage (not shown).

The filaments of the tubes are connected in series to be sourced e.g. from the +40V supply voltage via an appropriate 175mA current-source (not shown).

To generated the Rockmore like audio spectrum, the correct polarity of the windings of T1, L1 and L2 is essential. In addition, the correct pulse-pause ratio (refer to the Messungen/Measurements page) of the output audio-signal (and the linearity of the pitch range) must be adjusted by rotating the pitch oscillator coils to each other and varying their distance.

The M35-AMP

M35-AMP PCB TOP-View

The M35-AMP is a vintage 1970s audio power amplifier construction kit (of an unknown manufacturer), which was reused to drive a 16Ohms wide-band speaker cabinet by the RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin from a common +40V supply. The pictures show the PCB before restoration.


M35-AMP PCB Bottom-View

The M35-AMP can be supplied by up to +44V, according to markings at the printed circuit board (PCB) and has an output power of > 20W @ 8Ohms. Because this is a vintage circuit, the used transistor types are widely obsolete. Complementary darlington transistors MJ2500 / MJ3000 are applied in the power-stage. The working point (quiescence-current) is set by R9. Q4 is mounted to the heat-sink of Q8. The schematic was reconstructed according to the layout and assembly of the PCB and is no design of aetherwellen-musik.de .

Vintage M35-AMP Audio Amplifier Schematic

MP35 Amplifier Schematic
MP35 Amplifier Schematic Download
M35-AMP_SCH_0v1_Transistor-Amplifier.pdf (42.41KB)
MP35 Amplifier Schematic
MP35 Amplifier Schematic Download
M35-AMP_SCH_0v1_Transistor-Amplifier.pdf (42.41KB)

The RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin

The RT-6SH2P-X represents the extended version of the RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin. In contrast to the simplified RT-6SH2P Tube Theremin, where the volume is controlled by a Bowden thread, the RT-6SH2P-X enables the player to fully control volume and pitch by the wave of the hands without touching the instrument.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Front View
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Front View from above

The RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin is oriented at the original design of Leon Theremin, applied at e.g. the Rockmore / Rosen theremin instruments (refer to Rockmore/Rosen theremin explanations). It is realized for circuit testing at a modified Kosmos test-board which can hold up to seven 7-pin miniature tubes (only six are used in the  RT-6SH2P-X circuit).

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin sound & pictures demonstration video

This 6SH2P-X Tube Theremin was designed to test the application of 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tubes for generating the Rockmore sound (limited single-sine pulse sound spectrum), applying pitch- and volume control via hand – antenna interaction.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Front View from above left

The circuit of the RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin as presented in the schematic is discussed below. It represents the 10-2020 version. More detailed descriptions of the electronic principles used by Leon Theremin in his original designs can be found in the Rockmore/Rosen theremin explanations.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Schematic
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Schematic
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Schematic Download
RT-6SH2P-X_SCH-BW_0v1.pdf (140.25KB)
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Schematic
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Schematic Download
RT-6SH2P-X_SCH-BW_0v1.pdf (140.25KB)

The component values largely depend on the characteristics of the inductors, antennas and general assembly of the circuit, thus the given values can only serve as guideline!

The fixed- (V4) and variable (V6) pitch radio frequency (RF) oscillators work in Hartley type configuration, utilizing the 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tubes in triode configuration. They generate sine-signals of approx. 170kHz slightly differing from each other; one frequency controlled by the variable impedance formed by the pitch-antenna ANT2 in conjunction with its extension coil L7, one fixed. Both apply virtually center tapped parallel resonance circuits which can be tuned via adjustable ferrite-cores at the inductors. The pitch can be adjusted by the variable capacitor C27. C27 is connected in series to C30, which reduces it’s capacity an thus the adjustment range for better handling.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Top View
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Top View (detail)
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Top View (left)
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Top View (detail left)

The critical pitch antenna extension-coil L7 is wound on a 3D printed multi-section former with adjustable ferrite-core, already designed in 2017. It provides very low distributed capacity and therefore sufficiently high self-resonance frequency (SRF). The rod-antenna is mounted on top of the extension coil to reduce additional lumped capacities from the ‘roof’ connection of the coil to ground.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Pitch Antenna Extension Coil (top view)
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Pitch Antenna Extension Coil & Volume Oscillator Coils (top view)
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Pitch Antenna Extension Coil (detail top)
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Pitch Antenna Extension Coil (detail right)

The phase-detector applies another 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tube V5. The signals of the pitch-oscillators  are connected to the control- and suppressor grid via trim-pots (for audio-pulse and pitch linearity adjustment), while the screen grid is supplied by an adjustable voltage, affecting the single-sine audio amplitude at the audio-interstage transformer T1 which is connected to the anode (plate) of V5. The secondary winding of the transformer T1 is connected via trim-pot R14 for pulse width-adjustment of the limited single-sine signal to the voltage controlled AF limiter-amplifier tube V2.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Rear Top View
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Rear Top View Left
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Rear Top View Detail
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Top View Detail Tubes

The value of capacitor C31, which is connected in parallel to the secondary winding, is selected in conjunction with trim-pot R15 (damping of T1 adjustment) to produce the appropriate audio-waveform while forming a parallel resonance circuit with (mainly) the secondary inductance of T1. The limiter-amplifier 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) V2 tube’s control grid is grounded because the mutual conductance is too high for correct limiting action. The single-sine pulse is supplied via R14 to the suppressor grid instead. By trim-pot R13, the screen grid voltage of the tube can be adjusted to produce a asymmetrically limited audio pulse at the AF output. The anode is connected via R9 to the volume-control voltage sourced by the Volume-Control Detector tube V3. The output signal supplied to jack J3 is additionally low-pass filtered by R8 and C19, while C22 and R5 form a high-pass filter. The volume of the audio signal can be adjusted by potentiometer R5 (Main Volume). In the test setting, the M35-AMP amplifier, was used to drive a speaker.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Rear View (glowing 6SH2P tubes)

To control the volume of the instrument, a voltage has to be generated which varies according to the hand movement near the volume antenna. Therefore, the volume-oscillator is frequency modulated (FM) according to the hand movement. This signal is then converted to an amplitude-modulated (AM) RF voltage, which is then demodulated, producing the desired volume-control voltage. The needed circuits and their functions, close to Leon Theremin’s design, are described next.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Front Top View
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Front Top View Detail

The volume control circuit applies the frequency variable ‘volume’ radio frequency (RF) oscillator (V1) in Hartley type configuration, utilizing a 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tube in triode configuration. It generates a sine-signal of approx. 470kHz. The frequency is controlled by the variable impedance formed by the volume-antenna ANT1 in conjunction with its extension coil L1. The virtually center tapped parallel resonance circuit (L2, C11) can be tuned via adjustable ferrite-core at the inductor. The volume control can be adjusted by the variable capacitor C13. C13 is connected in series to C12, which reduces it’s capacity an thus the adjustment range for better handling.

The critical ‘volume’-antenna extension-coil L1 is wound on a 3D printed multi-section former with adjustable ferrite-core. It provides very low distributed capacity and therefore sufficiently high self-resonance frequency (SRF). The loop-antenna is mounted close to the extension coil to reduce additional lumped capacities to ground.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Volume Antenna
RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Volume Antenna Extension Coil

The volume-oscillator’s RF signal present at the grid of V1 is supplied via R4 and C15 to a peak-detector rectifier (Volume Bias Rectifier circuit), consisting of D1, D2, C18 and R6. A large voltage, negative in relation to the Volume Control Detector (V3) tube’s cathode, is developed at R6 and serves as grid bias for V3. A portion of the volume-oscillator’s RF signal, adjustable by trimmer capacitor C16, is passed to the virtually center tapped Volume Control Detector parallel resonator circuit, consisting of the fixed choke L3, the series connected adjustable inductor L4, C21 and trimmer-capacitor C20. The grid of the anode-detector tube V3, utilizing a 6SH2P (6ж2п / 6AS6 / 6J2P) tube in triode configuration, is connected to the virtually tapped inductor (L3, L4) holding the low impedance resonance RF voltage, offset by the negative bias voltage adjustable by R6. The resonator is grounded for RF via C23 and C24. The low impedance connection to the resonator tank is important because V3 draws grid current at maximum RF resonance voltage. Without the virtual tapping, this grid current, loading the parallel L/C circuit, would broaden the resonance curve and thus reduce the sensitivity of the detector to frequency changes of the oscillator. The frequency of the volume-control oscillator changes with the hand movement (FM), and thus the RF amplitude at the resonator (L3, L4, C20, C21) varies accordingly (AM). The resonator is tuned to produce somewhat below maximum amplitude at the frequency which corresponds to the hand removed from the volume-antenna. When the hand approaches the antenna, the frequency is lowered and the amplitude decreases. Thus, the simple circuit converts FM to AM. Trim-pot R6 allows to adjust the negative cut-off voltage of Volume Control Detector tube V3 and thus the volume cut-off of the instrument. V3 performs the AM detection of the volume control RF signal (Infinite-Impedance Detector). A steady residual RF signal is present at the grid of V3 which leads to unwanted conduction of the tube and must be compensated by the offset voltage. R6 is adjusted to a level where the volume-control voltage at the cathode of the detector tube V3 reaches zero with the hand approx. 5 to 10cm away from the volume-antenna. Further approaching the antenna leads up to -20V control voltage. With increasing frequency while removing the hand from the volume antenna, the grid of V3 is loaded with rising RF amplitude (offset by the negative voltage developed by the Volume Bias Rectifier circuit). This leads to more and more conduction of the tube, caused by the positive portions of the RF, shifting the volume-control voltage, developed across C24 (and R12), up to +20V.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Front View (glowing 6SH2P tubes)

The anode (plate) voltage of V3 is supplied via the Mute switch, filtered by R11 and C25. In addition, mute indicator bi-color LED D4 is switched accordingly.

The volume control voltage is supplied to the anode (plate) of the voltage controlled limiter amplifier tube V2 and the volume indication instrument M1 (with series connected current limiting resistor R7 and reversal protection diode D3). The control voltage ranges from the negative tube blocking voltage of max. -20V (derived from the volume RF oscillator’s amplitude self-regulation) to approx. +20V, supplied by the Volume Control  Detector tube V3.

The volume ‘punch’ when playing staccato, meaning over- and undershoot of the volume control voltage, is inherent to the circuit applying volume antenna-extension coil and detector resonator of high quality factor and low bandwidth, due to LF ringing of the L/C resonators. It may be adjusted by changing the value of C24 and C23 (C23 additionally introduces feedback at fast voltage changes which boost this effect).

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Rear View of 6SH2P tubes

The filaments of the tubes are connected in series to be sourced e.g. from the +40V supply voltage via an appropriate 175mA current-source.

Theremin Power-Supply Unit (Front-View)
Theremin Power-Supply Unit (Rear-View)

To generated the Rockmore like audio spectrum, the correct polarity of the windings of T1, L5 and L6 is essential. In addition, the correct pulse-pause ratio of the output audio-signal (and the linearity of the pitch range) must be adjusted by rotating the pitch oscillator coils to each other and varying their distance.

RT-6SH2P-X Tube Theremin Pitch Antenna Extension Coil and Coils of the Pitch Oscillators

To adjust the instrument for highest sensitivity, the antenna-extension coils have to be set to max. inductance first. After setting the desired working rest-frequency (hands removed from antennas) by turning the ferrite cores of L2, L6 and L5 (C13, C27 in mid-position), the inductance value of the antenna-extension coils (L1, L7) can be reduced while re-adjusting the oscillator-frequency to the previous value by L2, L6 and L5. This has to be repeated until the desired antenna sensitivity is reached. When frequency jumps occur during inductor tuning or approaching the hand to the antenna, the value of the affected extension coil has to be re-enlarged until no jump occurs any more. In addition, it must be ensured that those jumps do not occur when switching on the instrument. It is better to adjust for lower sensitivity (higher values of the extension-coils) to prevent jumps when changing the position or grounding of the instrument. In general, the sensitivity depends on the L/C-ratio of the oscillator tank. The higher the ratio (L value high, C value low), the more sensitive the antenna becomes when the hand approaches it (Theremin instruments without antenna-extension coils apply a extremely high L/C-ratio to achieve appropriate sensitivity).

FRANZIS Theremin Kit Modification

By the German company FRANZIS (FRANZIS Verlag GmbH, Richard-Reitzner-Allee 2, 85540 Haar, Gemany), a Theremin kit is marketed, which is unusable for musical performance because of the worse pitch response and missing volume control. In addition, the possibility to establish a (RF) ground connection is not available, too. The pictures below shows the already modified unit.

The paperboard housing contains a short pitch antenna, a small PCB, volume potentiometer with power switch and a very small speaker. Additional pictures of adjustment knobs are only printed to the front of the housing (!). The unit is supplied by a single 9V battery (which of course lasts not very long). Because of the missing ground, according to the user-manual, the player has to touch a screw which is connected to the unit’s internal ground as long as the FRANZIS Theremin shall be played!

Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit front view

The unit applies two FET Common-Gate Colpitts oscillators of the parallel resonance circuit type. Because of the missing antenna extension coil, the L/C ratio is chosen extremely high to achieve sufficient pitch sensitivity and range. The RF frequency is mainly determined by the self-capacity of the oscillator coils. To worsen the pitch response even more, unfortunately a large part of the antenna is mounted horizontal.

Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit panel view

The sound quality, produced by the small speaker, is not worth talking about – of course, non of Leon Theremin’s design principles for creating the Rockmore sound spectrum has been respected (refer to: General Functionality of the Rockmore- and Rosen Instruments according to Leon Theremin’s Design).

Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit rear view

To save the Theremin kit from being thrown into the trash can, attempts have been made to convert the unit to a playable nicely sounding Theremin instrument with (simplified) volume control, usable pitch response and grounding facility.

FRANZIS Theremin Kit Modification Test Video

The circuit diagram drafts are presented below as well as pictures documenting the modifications applied to the FRANZIS Theremin kit.

Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit schematic page 1 of 2
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit schematic page 1 of 2
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit top view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit side view of bowden volume control
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit bottom view, including magnetic mounting plate
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit rear view, including 9V wall-wart
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit rear view, including 9V wall-wart and grounding plug
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit rear view, including 9V wall-wart and grounding plug cables
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit modified IEC60320 C14 grounding connector, mains protection earth (PE) side
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit modified IEC60320 C14 grounding connector, RF ground side
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit modified IEC60320 C14 grounding connector and IEC60320 C13 mains cable
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit rear view, including 9V wall-wart
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view
Modified FRANZIS Theremin kit electronic innards view

The Rockmorizer Silicon 2017 Theremin

The presented Rockmorizer Silicon Theremin prototype was developed in 2017. It is based on the original design of Leon Theremin, producing the sound spectrum which is assumed to be close to the instrument of Clara Rockmore, applying standard silicon components like transistors, diodes, voltage regulators and op-amps. No tubes are involved. The circuit generates the single-sine audio signal which is formed to rectangular like pulses with appropriate pulse-width to match the desired spectrum. The mechanical construction is based on a sound-bar, including 1W audio power amplifier to drive two small build-in speakers.

Rockmorizer Silicon 2017 Theremin Prototype

The prototype has been disassembled for documentation purposes. It is currently not playable, so there is only a sound file available to hear it’s sound. It was recorded with an improvised binaural microphone headset. The binaural recording technique enables the listener, when wearing headphones, to actually experience the sound impression of the theremin player. In the file, you can hear an interview recording of Clara Rockmore playing quietly at the far right for sound comparison and the Rockmorizer Silicon 2017 theremin somewhat centered or slightly left. In the first part, the internal speakers have been used, in the second part, a large wide-band speaker cabinet was connected, producing a much better sound quality.

The existing schematics have to be transferred from the Electronic Design Automation (EDA) system used in 2017 (provided by a large electronic components distribution company), which has proven to have many drawbacks, to the open source software suite EDA system KiCad. As soon as this work is finished, schematics and layout will be published.

Pictures of the  Rockmorizer Silicon 2017 Theremin prototype are shown below.

Additional descriptions under construction!

Rockmorizer-017 Volume Antenna
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Antenna jacks
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Antenna detail
Rockmorizer-017 Pitch Antenna
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Antenna detail
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Antenna Knob
Rockmorizer-017 Mounting
Rockmorizer-017 Mount detail
Rockmorizer-017 back
Rockmorizer-017 Speakers
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Control
Rockmorizer-017 Pitch Control
Rockmorizer-017 Pitch-Antenna Adjustment
Rockmorizer-017 Volume-Antenna Adjustment
Rockmorizer-017 opened
Rockmorizer-017 Circuit Boards
Rockmorizer-017 cover
Rockmorizer-017 Pitch Oscillator Coils
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Oscillator Coil
Rockmorizer-017 Oscillator Compartements
Rockmorizer-017 Pitch Control
Rockmorizer-017 Internals
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Control
Rockmorizer-017 Interstage-Transformers
Rockmorizer-017 0.5W Audio Amplifier
Rockmorizer-017 DC-Supply
Rockmorizer-017 Volume Antenna Coil
Rockmorizer-017 Pitch Antenna Coil
Rockmorizer-017 AC Wall-Wart (230V)